Halich

Name in English: 
  • Halich
Names in Ukrainian: 
  • Halych [Галич]
Names in Polish: 
Halicz
Names in German: 
Halytsch
Names in Russian: 
Galich [Галич]
Names in Hebrew: 
העליטש
Historical-cultural region: 
Eastern Galicia
Administrative History: 

 

Years State Province District
Till 1772 Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: Kingdom of Poland Rus Voivodship (Województwo ruskie) Halich Land (Ziemia halicka)
1772-1867 "Hapsburg Empire", since 1804 - Austrian Empire Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria (Königreich Galizien und Lodomerien)

Stanislau Gebiet

1867-1914 Austro-Hungarian Monarchy Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria (Königreich Galizien und Lodomerien) Stanislawów powiat
1914-1915 Under Russian occupation General-Government Galitsiia Stanislav uezd
1915-1918 Austro-Hungarian Monarchy Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria (Königreich Galizien und Lodomerien) Stanislawów powiat
1918 - May 1919 West-Ukrainian People's Republic    
May 1919 - September 1939 Republic of Poland Stanislawów wojewódstwo  Stanislawow powiat
September 1939 - June 1941 USSR: Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic Stanislav oblast'  
June 1941 - July 1944 Under German occupation:  

General Government (Das Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete)

Distrikt Galizien  
1944-91 USSR: Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic Stanislavov (Stanislaviv) oblast'; since 1962 renamed Ivano-Frankovsk (Ivano-Frankivs'k) oblast' Halych raion
Since 1991 Republic of Ukraine Ivano-Frankivs'k oblast' Halych raion

 

Population Data: 
Year Total Jews Percentage of Jews
1765  -  258 -
1870s  3,033  839  27.6%
1880  3,464  1,048  30.2%
1890  3,887  1,238  31.8%
1900  4,850  1,568  32.3%
1921  3,442  582  16.9%
1931  ?  878  
 2008  c.a. 6,406    

Halich is a town on the Dniester river, 26 km north of Ivano-Frankivsk. In the 12th-14th centuries, Halich was the capital of the Halich and Halich-Volynian Principality. When Austria annexed this part of the Polish Kingdom in 1772, the new name of the region - Galicia - was derived from the name Halich.

Now it is a small town on the Dniester River, on the road from Lviv to Ivano-Frankivsk.

Since the 13th century, there was a Karaite community in Halich. The Karaites lived on the Karaite Street and had their cemetery in the suburb Zalukva, on the high bank of the Dniester. This cemetery is relatively well preserved.

While Karaite kenessa was destroyed in 1985 (for pictures see http://www.bagnowka.com/index.php?m=cm&g=zoom&img=3418&gal=21), two synagogues are still standing, as well as the remnants of the Jewish cemeteries.

Photographs of Halich with its Jewish and Karaite cemeteries made by Dr. Vladimir Levin in August 2009  see the Gallery section.