Dynów דינוב

Name in English: 
Dynuv
Name in Ukrainian: 
Динів (Dyniv)
Name in Polish: 
Dynόw
Name in Yiddish: 
דינאוו
Historical-cultural region: 
Western Galicia
Administrative District : 
Subcarpathian Voivodeship
Population Data: 

  Year  

  General Population  

  Jews  

1563

780~

41

1578

(?)

50

1808

(?)

418

1880

2784

1241

1900

2985

1409

1921

2727

1273

 

Dynów (Dinov) is located on the west bank of the San River, a tributary of the Vistula, c. 30km west of Przemyśl and c. 30km south of Reisha (Rzeszów). The first time Dinov is mentioned in documents is in the year 1423, and in the year 1429, it gained the status of a city with Magdeburg rights, a status it retained until the mid-19th century. In 1466 the town suffered a severe plague that killed many people, and in 1500, and again in 1503, the town was damaged and even partially ruined by invading Tatars. During those days, the town was relatively large, fortified by a wall and surrounded by a moat. Between 1515 and 1589 the town had a population of c. 784 in c. 157 households. To improve the its economic situation, in 1512 the town granted the right to hold two fairs per year, geared primarily toward the cattle trade. During this period, the route connecting Sanok in the south and Przemyśl in the east with Krakow in the west passed through Dinov, and the town was an administrative center for the surrounding estates. In 1611 the town was granted the right to store Hungarian wines, as part of the town’s commercial development. However, later that century, the town suffered Swedish invasions in the 1650s, and in the 1660s, it suffered the invasion of the Transylvanians, who burned town the city, including its churches, monasteries, and castle, as well as from internal wars between the aristocracy and the Polish peasants. This marked the beginning of the city’s decline. At the end of the 19th century, there town contained a beer brewery, an oil refinery, and a chemical factory for stearin—an important component in the production of soaps and candles. At the beginning of the World War I, Dinov was captured by the Russians.

 

See additional information about  the community of Dynów on the site Massa le-Galicia (in Hebrew)