Berezhany

Name in English: 
  • Berezhany
Names in Ukrainian: 
  • Бережани
Names in Polish: 
Brzeżany
Names in German: 
Bereschany
Names in Russian: 
Бережаны
Names in Hebrew: 
בריזאן
Names in Yiddish: 
ברעזשאן
Historical-cultural region: 
Eastern Galicia
Coordinates: 
49°27' N - 24°56' E
Administrative History: 
Years State Province District
Till 1772 Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: Kingdom of Poland Rus Voivodship (Województwo ruskie)  
1772-1867 Hapsburg Empire, since 1804 - Austrian Empire Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria (Königreich Galizien und Lodomerien)  Bezirk Berezhany
1867-1914 Austro-Hungarian Monarchy

Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria (Königreich Galizien und Lodomerien)

 Bezirk Berezhany
1914-1915 Under Russian occupation General-Government Galitsiia  
1915-1918 Austro-Hungarian Monarchy Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria (Königreich Galizien und Lodomerien)  Berezhany Powiat
1918 - May 1919 West-Ukrainian People's Republic    
May 1919 - September 1939 Republic of Poland Tarnopol wojewódstwo  Berezhany powiat
 
September 1939 - June 1941 USSR: Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic Tarnopol oblast'  
June 1941 - July 1944 Under German occupation:  

General Government (Das Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete)

Distrikt Galizien  
1944-91 USSR: Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic Tarnopol oblast'  Berezhanskyi raion
Since 1991 Republic of Ukraine Tarnopol oblast'  Berezhanskyi raion
Population Data: 
Year Total Jews Percentage of Jews
 1563  ?  5 families  -
 1670  500 families  Ca. 100 families  -
 1764  ?  1,297  -
 1880  10,899  4,712  43.2%
 1890  11,221  4,695  41.8%
 1900  11,443  4,395  38.4%
 1910  12,717  4,582  36%
 1921  10,083  3,582  35.5%
 1931  ?  3,670  -
 Ca. 1939  Ca. 13,000  ?  -
 Ca. 1998  Ca. 18,000  ?  -

Berezhany on Wikipedia.

בז'ז'אני באתר המרכז למורשת יהדות פולין 

Read more about the history of Berezhany here.

Berezhany on Virtual Shtetel.

See more pictures of Berezhany in the Gallery.

 

Berezhany is a town in Ternopil Oblast. It is situated ca. 80 km. south-east of Lviv, ca. 50 km. west of Ternopil and ca. 60 km. north of Ivano-Frankivsk.

The town of Berezhany was founded in 1530 by the magnate Mikołaj Sieniawski, who bought and fortified a village which had existed in that place since the second half of the fourteenth century. In the same year the town was granted a Magdeburg law city charter. The earliest Jewish presence there dates to the mid-sixteenth century. The local Jewish community was founded in 1638.  (Slovnik, Vol. 1, p. 417; Pinkas Hakehilot - Polin, vol. 2, pp. 107-108).