Kalush

Name in English: 
  • Kalush
Names in Ukrainian: 
  • Kalush [Калуш]
Names in Polish: 
Kalusz
Names in German: 
Kalusch
Names in Russian: 
Kalush [Калуш]
Names in Yiddish: 
קאלוש (Kalush or Kalish)
Historical-cultural region: 
Eastern Galicia - Prikarpattia
Administrative History: 

 

Years State Province District
Till 1772 Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: Kingdom of Poland Rus Voivodship (Województwo ruskie)  
1772-1867 "Hapsburg Empire", since 1804 - Austrian Empire Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria (Königreich Galizien und Lodomerien)  
1867-1914 Austro-Hungarian Monarchy Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria (Königreich Galizien und Lodomerien) Kalusz powiat
1914-1915 Under Russian occupation General-Government Galitsiia Kalusz uezd
1915-1918 Austro-Hungarian Monarchy Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria (Königreich Galizien und Lodomerien) Kalusz powiat
1918 - May 1919 West-Ukrainian People's Republic    
May 1919 - September 1939 Republic of Poland Stanislawów wojewódstwo  Kalusz powiat
September 1939 - June 1941 USSR: Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic Stanislav oblast' Kalush raion
June 1941 - July 1944 Under German occupation:  

General Government (Das Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete)

Distrikt Galizien Stanislau Kreishaupt-mannschaft
1944-91 USSR: Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic Stanislavov (Stanislaviv) oblast'; since 1962 renamed Ivano-Frankovsk (Ivano-Frankivs'k) oblast' Kalush raion
Since 1991 Republic of Ukraine Ivano-Frankivs'k oblast' Kalush raion

 

Population Data: 
Year Total Jews Percentage of Jews
1765 -  1,662 -
1880  7,210  4,267  59.1%
1890  7,526  4,241  56.3%
1910  8,653  4,363  50.4%
1921  6,619  3,121  47.1%
1931  ?  3,967  
2004

 63,800

   
2006  67,700    

Kalush is a town in the foothills of the Carpathian Mountains, on the river Limnytsia, 35 km from Ivano-Frankivsk. The vibrant town of Kalush is relatively well preserved. The Jewish cemetery is situated behind high apartment houses.

For photographs of Kalush and its Jewish cemetery  made by Dr. Vladimir Levin in August 2009,  see the Gallery section.