Name in English: 
Name in Ukrainian: 
Та́рнів (Тарнув)
Name in Polish: 
Name in German: 
Name in Russian: 
Tarnov (Тарнув)
Name in Hebrew: 
Name in Yiddish: 
Tarna [טרנא]
Historical-cultural region: 
Western Galicia
Administrative District : 
Lesser Poland Voivodeship
Administrative History: 



Until 1772
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: Kingdom of Poland
Rus Voivodship (Województwo ruskie)
"Habsburg Empire", since 1804 - Austrian Empire
Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria (Königreich Galizien und Lodomerien)
Austro-Hungarian Monarchy
Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria (Königreich Galizien und Lodomerien)
Under Russian occupation
General-Government Galitsiia
 Tarnow,Galiscia, Austro-Hungarian Monarchy
Austro-Hungarian Monarchy
Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria (Königreich Galizien und Lodomerien)
1918 - May 1919
West-Ukrainian People's Republic
May 1919 - September 1939
Republic of Poland
Stanislawów wojewódstwo
 Tarnow powiat,Krakow wojewódstwo
September 1939 - June 1941
USSR: Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic
Stanislav oblast'
June 1941 - July 1944
Under German occupation:  
General Government (Das Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete)
Distrikt Galizien
Since 1945
Republic of Poland
Malopolsky wojewódstwo


Population Data: 


Year Total Jews Percentage of Jews
1765 ?  1,080 -
1820 ?  1,640  
1880  24,627  11,349  46%
1890  27,574  11,677  42.3%
1900  31,691  12,586  39.7%
1910  36,731  15,108  41.1%
1921  35,347  15,608  44.1%
2006  117,109    

Tarnów is located on the eastern bank of the Dunajec River, one of the tributaries of the Wisła River, about 70 km. east of Krakow. In 1330 two adjacent villages with similar names were consolidated into one city, under the name of Tarnów, and King Władysław I awarded the city Magdeburg rights. The location of the city on the thoroughfare between Lvov on the east and internal Poland on the west turned it into an important point of reference on the trade route between Eastern Europe and Hungary and the eastern lands. The strategic location of the city brought, of course, to its economic development, but also turned it into a point of contention between various influential forces in the area. Already in the middle of the 15th century the city fortress was captured by Hungarian nobles, and during the Tatar, Ottoman and Swedish wars of the 16th-17th centuries, Tarnów suffered heavy damage, both economically and physically. With the Austrian conquest, the route between Lvov and Krakow returned to its former status as a central trade route, and thus Tarnów’s place as an important trade center was reestablished. Following the First World War, trade with the East diminished, and the economic standing of the city followed suit.