Definition: Beit Midrash

 

Beit Midrash (House of Study) - a name for a synagogue. Usually it is a heated building, where, in addition to the prayers, the individual Torah study takes place.

Nadworna - Synagogues

Community: 

 

About twenty-five synagogues and small prayer houses existed in Nadworna in the interwar period (Shmuel Hübner, "Di rabonim un admorim in nedverne," Sefer Nadvurna, 25-6 [Heb.], 124, 126 [Yid.]).

On the synagogue street (shil-gas) several synagogues were concentrated around the Great Town Synagogue, known as di groyse shul or di shtot-shul (Josef Schmerler, "The Old Synagogue," Sefer Nadvurna, 31 [Heb. Part], 55 [Eng. Part]; Hübner, "Di rabonim un admorim in nedverne," Sefer Nadvurna, 26 [Heb.], 125 [Yid.]). In the building of the Great Synagogue there was the synagogue of local tailors and the kloyz of the hasidim of Rabbi Mordechai of Nadworna (Hübner, "Di rabonim un admorim in nedverne," Sefer Nadvurna, 26 [Heb.], 125 [Yid.]). The Great Synagogue was the only local synagogue which was not damaged by the pre-World War I fire of 1914 (Shmuel Kahana, "Ha-srefa ha-gdola be-nadvorna, 1914," Sefer Nadvurna, 119).

In the Old Beit Midrash prayed middle class non-Hasidic Jews, among them the dayan R. Meir Weisblum (Shmuel Hübner, "Di rabonim un admorim in nedverne," Sefer Nadvurna, 26 [Heb.], 125 [Yid.]).

The New Beit Midrash was formerly the kloyz of Kock Hasidim (Shmuel Hübner, "Di rabonim un admorim in nedverne," Sefer Nadvurna, 26 [Heb.], 125 [Yid.]). In front of it stood the Magid's kloyz, named after the preacher R. Tzvi Hirsh Filip (Hübner, "Di rabonim un admorim in nedverne," Sefer Nadvurna, 26 [Heb.], 125 [Yid.]).

The Old Kosov Hasidim kloyz belonged to Haim Brandwein, who was a descendant of the Stretyn Hasidic dynasty. He ran it, according to one source, "like a dictator" When it became too small for all its members, the New Kosov Hasidim kloyz was built nearby (Hübner, "Di rabonim un admorim in nedverne," Sefer Nadvurna, 25 [Heb.], 124 [Yid.]).

Next to it stood the non-Hasidic synagogue, the German shul (deitche shilkhel) (Schmerler, "The Old Synagogue," Sefer Nadvurna, 31 [Heb. Part], 55 [Eng. Part]; Hübner, "Di rabonim un admorim in nedverne," Sefer Nadvurna, 26 [Heb.], 125 [Yid.]).

In the Otynia Hasidim kloyz the wealthy members of the community prayed (Hübner, "Di rabonim un admorim in nedverne," Sefer Nadvurna, 25 [Heb.], 125 [Yid.]).

In the neighboring kloyz of Vizhnits Hasidim prayed the dayan R. Yeshayah Friedman (Hübner, "Di rabonim un admorim in nedverne," Sefer Nadvurna, 26 [Heb.], 125 [Yid.]).

The synagogue of Rabbi Moshe Leifer, the rebbe from Nadworna, stood in a side alley near Stanislawow Street. There prayed the family Knoll (Hübner, "Di rabonim un admorim in nedverne," Sefer Nadvurna, 26 [Heb.], 126 [Yid.]).

The kloyz of the family Budner was built by Moshe Budner near the town hall (Hübner, "Di rabonim un admorim in nedverne," Sefer Nadvurna, 26 [Heb.], 126 [Yid.]).

There were also the kloyzn of Belz and Czortkow Hassidim (Pinkas Hakehilot, 329) and a shtibl in the the house of Haim Bickel (Hübner, "Di rabonim un admorim in nedverne," Sefer Nadvurna, 39 [Heb.], 126 [Yid.]).

All synagogues were destroyed in the Soviet period (Grandeur and Glory, 1:163-5).

Leon Streit, Dzieje Wielkiej Miejskiej Synagogi w Stanisławowie (Stanisławów, 1936) - Polish section

Book by Leon Streit, History of the Great Synagogue in Stanisławów (Stanisławów, 1936). Polish section.

From the personal archive of Rabbi Moshe-Leib Kolesnik.

Attached files: 

Leon Streit, Dzieje Wielkiej Miejskiej Synagogi w Stanisławowie (Stanisławów, 1936) - Yiddish section

Book by Leon Streit, History of the Great Synagogue in Stanisławów (Stanisławów, 1936). Yiddish section.

אריה שטרייט, געשיכטע פון דער גרויסער שיל אין סטאניסלאוו (סטאניסלאוו, 1936).

From the personal archive of Rabbi Moshe-Leib Kolesnik.

Attached files: 

Stanisław Gajkowski, Stanisławów i jego pamiątki z dawnych czasów

Book by Stanisław Gajkowski Stanisławów i jego pamiątki z dawnych czasów (Stanisławów, 1922) [Stanislawow and its memorabilia from the old times]

From the personal archive of Rabbi Moshe-Leib Kolesnik

Attached files: 

Zaleszczyki

I read the article in Dec. 24th , 2010 issue of the Jewish Week entitled Saving The Remnants of Galicia . I was born in Zaleszczyki , then Poland , in1930 and left with my parents and sister in 1934 , but of course many members 0f my family are buried in that cemetery . The synagogue is still there , a beautiful structure at one time , but used variously as a storage space , an electricity provider , and other uses probably hardly remembered . The cemetery , I believe , still has many stones in it , but is mostly part of some kind of factory . I know these tidbits of information from a couple of hours spent there in August 1988 . I have since met with several other Zaleszczyki survivors , one of whom has succeeded in having a monument put up at a mass grave of Jews killed on November 14th., 1941 . Her name is Mila Sandberg- Mesner and she lives in Montreal . Her memoir Light From the Shadows was published in 2009 by the Polish-Jewish Heritage Foundation . Plans are being made for the unveiling of the monument to the martyrs on April 28th., 2011 . Zaleszczyki 's cemetery ID is : Zalischyky Mass Grave ( # 9675 )For further information , here is Mila's email address : I_mesner11@sympatico.caI would be happy to help in any way I can . Thank you for this work you are doing.Rita Cohn

I read the article in Dec. 24th , 2010 issue of the Jewish Week entitled Saving The Remnants of Galicia . I was born in Zaleszczyki , then Poland , in1930 and left with my parents and sister in 1934 , but of course many members 0f my family are buried in that cemetery . The synagogue is still there , a beautiful structure at one time , but used variously as a storage space , an electricity provider , and other uses probably hardly remembered . The cemetery , I believe , still has many stones in it , but is mostly part of some kind of factory . I know these tidbits of information from a couple of hours spent there in August 1988 . I have since met with several other Zaleszczyki survivors , one of whom has succeeded in having a monument put up at a mass grave of Jews killed on November 14th., 1941 . Her name is Mila Sandberg- Mesner and she lives in Montreal . Her memoir Light From the Shadows was published in 2009 by the Polish-Jewish Heritage Foundation . Plans are being made for the unveiling of the monument to the martyrs on April 28th., 2011 . Zaleszczyki 's cemetery ID is : Zalischyky Mass Grave ( # 9675 )For further information , here is Mila's email address : I_mesner11@sympatico.caI would be happy to help in any way I can . Thank you for this work you are doing.Rita Cohn

''Remembering Galicia'' by Eetta Prince-Gibson

Attached files: 

"Remembering Galicia" by Eetta Prince-Gibson

Ice cold air rattles the corrugated tin roof and bursts through the gaping windows. Through the vacant entrance, uts wude doors long gone replaced by tall trees and thick weeds, the engraved inscription over the lintel is barely legible: "This is the gate of the Lord through which the righteous may enter." (Psalms 118:18)...

Batya Zainden's Memories

Community: 

 

" I would like to tell what I went throw in the war with the Germans. I was born in Siret which is in Bukovina, Romania to a religious family. We owned a local restaurant. In 1940 the Russians took over parts of Bukovina. We were sent to Transnistria with all the Jews from our town. I managed to escape and made it to a town called Mogilev. After the war I came to Israel on the Haapala after spending two more years in a refugee camp in Cyprus."  

Attached files: 

Finding Lost Torah - Letter of Rabbi Kawaler

Community: 

 

After many years the thought to be lost torah scroll of Abraham from Krasna Italy was found in a monastery just north of Nadworna.

Attached files: 

Aboriginal Harvest part 1

aboriginal harvestABORIGINAL PEOPLESThe term Aboriginal is comprised of the Latin prefix ab meaning from, and the Latin word originalis meaning origin.Indigenous peoples are any ethnic group who inhabit a geographic region with which they have the earliest known historical connection.Revelation 79 After this I beheld, and, lo, a great multitude, which no man could number, of all nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues, stood before the throne, and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, and palms in their hands; 10 And cried with a loud voice, saying, Salvation to our God which sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb. 11 And all the angels stood round about the throne, and about the elders and the four beasts, and fell before the throne on their faces, and worshipped God, 12 Saying, Amen: Blessing, and glory, and wisdom, and thanksgiving, and honour, and power, and might, be unto our God for ever and ever. Amen.We would like to talk to you as a friend and forget the Roman"mind" that has survived all this time. We would like to talk of the evils and virtues that usually escape this argument.Rome vs the rest of us!We would like to talk about the nature of RomeAnd for this we will need some time.we will begin to speak of things that have been hiddenwhen the libraries were burnt and the children were taken from their parents. So many centuries ago.And finally hidden from much of the modern generation. Though the tactics have remained largely unchanged. From the tower of babel to rome the history of civilization has been glorified. And the natives condemned. Please understand, I in no way, am trying to justify any evils, of any kind, done by anyone. This whole film will be slightly off subject, Starting with ancient rome, going back to the tower of babel till the present. I'm sorry but it will probably hop subject to subject. from archeology to roman military tactics, mind sets taken from movies & truth hidden in myth, In the historical city of confusion, history as told by movies & truth hidden from history. Let compassion guide our way and patience temper our mind. And we will care for the truth & not be forced to accept anything wrong. In this Film there will be a few threads from beginning to end. What it meant to have roman protectionWhat is the evidence for historyAnd what it meant to be barbarian. Proverbs 28:2For the transgression of a land many are the princes thereof: but by a man of understanding and knowledge the state thereof shall be prolonged.“If you want to rule the whole World, does it follow that everyone else welcomes enslavement? To robbery, slaughter, plunder, they give the lying name, 'freedom'. They make a wilderness and call it peace” Words from a certain native of Briton Cornelius Tacitus 56-117 said “The more corrupt the state, the more laws”“When monarchs through their bloodthirsty commanders lay waste a country, they dignify their atrocity by calling it 'Making Peace'” Columbus when he first saw the island he said it was "very big and very level and the treesvery green .. . . The whole of it so green that it is a pleasure to gaze upon."And it was the process that soon happened on this island thatRome has always used. The complete destruction not just of itspeople. But its animal life plant, bird and fish.And after they were done they left.The roman view of the world is much of the question of this Film. The Romans said that the Huns had compact, sturdy limbs and thick necks. They are so hideouslyugly and distorted that they could be mistaken fortwo-legged beast or for those images crudely hewn fromtree stumps that can be seen on the parapets of bridges.Although the Huns have the shape---albeit repellent---ofhuman beings,

Torah a Phoney

The story told to us by a Sofer about the rescue of our family Torah in Nadworna turned out to be a cruel fabrication.

In this archive is a story about the seemingly miraculous recovery of our family Torah, found to repose in an Eastern Orthodox monestary nearby. The Sofer who had worked the effort turned out to be a "con man" and had fabricated the entire story in order to get an exhorbatant amount of money from our family. The scam began when he apparently "hacked" our family records in the Jewishgen database, and was feeding us information that he had learned from what he found there. Of course, we didn't see the Torah until it "arrived" from Nadworna. In reality, it "arrived" from elsewhere in the United States. Not being a sofer myself, the "nusach Ari" form of the writing and the apparent violation of several principles of Sofrut looked sufficiently exotic enough for me to believe his claims. The Torah in question has been checked by a Badatz-certified Sofer and it would seem that all of the claims made for it were completely false. I should have suspected something when a box of authenticating documents mysteriously disappered in the United Parcel system. The techniques used on the parchment were developed in the 1950's and NOT 280 years ago.As my father said recently, we may not have had a family Torah, but we DO have one now.The Sofer involved had done the same thing to others, and was arrested and tried on wire fraud charges in Federal Court in New York City. He will begin serving his sentence in June of 2012. The story made headlines in all of the Jewish newspapers in America, as well as some general newspapers around the country (New York Times, Washington Post, etc.) and in Israel.

Staff

 

Dr. Ilia Lurie 

Administrative Director

Email: ilialurie@yahoo.com

Tel. 972-50-689-2540

 

Shlomo Ashkanazy

Website Manager

Email: galiciashlomo@gmail.com

Tel. 972-54-636-418

 

 

Academic Committe

 

 

Prof. Israel Bartal
Dean, Faculty of Humanities
Avraham Harman Chair in Jewish History, Hebrew University of Jerusalem

 

Prof. Omer Bartov
John P. Birkelund Distinguished Professor of European History
Chair, Department of History, Brown University

 

Dr. Harald Binder
Director, Center for Urban History of East Central Europe, Lviv/Wien

 

Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin
Head, Jerusalem Index of Jewish Art, Center for Jewish Art, Hebrew University of Jerusalem

 

Dr. Jonathan Dekel-Chen
Senior Lecturer, History Deparment, Hebrew University of Jerusalem

 

Dr. Haim Gertner
Director, Yad Vashem Archives

 

Prof. John-Paul Himka
Department of History and Classics, University of Alberta

 

Prof. Yaroslav Hrytsak
Director, Institue for Historical Research, Lviv National University
Chair of Modern World History, Ukrainian Catholic University, Lviv
 
 
Prof. Gershon David Hundert
Department of History, and Department of Jewish Studies, McGill University, Montreal
 

Prof. Andreas Kappeler
Institut für Osteuropäische Geschichte, Universität Wien

 

Dr. Sergey Kravtsov
Senior Researcher, Center for Jewish Art, Hebrew University of Jerusalem

 

Prof. Antony Polonsky
Albert Abramson Professor of Holocaust Studies, Brandeis University
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington, DC

 

Prof. Shimon Redlich
Department of Jewish History, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Be'er Sheva

 

Dr. Michael Silber
Senior Lecturer, Department of History of the Jewish People, Hebrew University of Jerusalem

 

Prof. Shaul Stampfer
Rabbi Edward Sandrow Professor of Soviet and East European Jewish History, Hebrew University of Jerusalem

 

Prof. David Wallach
Department of Biological Chemistry, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot

 

Prof. Mordechai Zalkin
Chair, Department of Jewish History, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Be'er Sheva

Members

List of Jewish Galicia & Bukovina N.P.O members

 

Professor David Wallach, The Wiezmann Institute for Science, Israel

 

Ms. Hadassah Asulin, Israel

 

Professor Israel Bartal, Hebrew University, Israel

 

Dr. Jonathan Dekel-Chen, Hebrew University, Israel 

 

Rabbi Meir Wunder, Israel

 

Professor Moti Zalkin, Ben Gurion University, Israel

 

Professor Rachel Manekin, Maryland University, United States

 

Ms. Rachel Wallach, Israel

 

Professor Roald Hoffmann, Cornell University, United States

 

Dr. Semion Goldin, Hebrew University, Israel

 

Professor Shimon Redlich, Ben Gurion University, Israel

 

Mr. Tzvi Tal, Former Chief Juctice, Israel

 

Rabbi Yerchamiel Boyer, Israel

 

Professor Zeev Gries, Ben Gurion University, Israel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Selected Bibliography

introduction paragraph

embeded search of search resualts of the bibliography

Interviews

Our organization has invested much work in collecting first-hand oral testimonies about Jewish life in Galicia and Bukovina. These interviews were conducted as part of our annual expeditions to Galicia. Most of the interviews are in Russian or Ukrainian, with some offering an English translation. The interviews give firsthand description of various aspects of Jewish life before the Holocaust. It goes without saying that the generation capable of telling the story of Galician and Bukovinian Jewry is slowly disappearing,and we therefore see this project as a last opportunity to obtain first-hand information from these living testimonials to Jewish life in these regions.

We invite all descendants of Galicia and Bukovina who are interested in contributing to this important cause to contact us. Please click here

 

Search Interviews

You can search the interview database by the title and by community. The titles of the interviews include the name of the individual interviewed and the place and date on which the interview took place.

Newer articles are displayed first; you may sort by the title, as well.

People

Community: 

At the center of the Jewish communities of Galicia and Bukovina were the people themselves. This section of the website is a database of all of the people documented in the Association’s activities. Names were assembled primarily from our project documenting old Jewish cemeteries. Some additional names were assembled from archival documents, interviews and other materials. This database is a commemoration of many people for whom this is the only documentation of their existence.

This is the best place to start for those interested in family research.

 

Search People

You can search the database by name, names of father or mother, community and dates.

Newer articles are displayed first; you may sort by the title, as well.

Name Year of birth Year of death Mother Father Community
Jewish Wood Trader in Storunia Storunia
Jonas Nadworna
Kaufman Solotvin
Kaufmann Solotvin
Kliazer Solotvin
Kogan Solotvin
Konorowsky Nadworna
Koppelman Bohorodchany (Brotchin)

Buildings

Most of the old Jewish buildings in Galicia and Bukovina no longer exist or are used for other purposes. The Association has documented some of the buildings that served the Jewish communities of these regions, as well as some residential houses that were owned by Jewish families. The main purpose of this project is to learn about the life of the Jews in this area and to reconstruct their urban surroundings.

 

Search Buildings

You can search this database by type of building, date, or community name.

Newer articles are displayed first; you may sort by the title, as well.

Name of building Building type Community
Hotel on Teatral'na Other Kolomea
House of Agnon Residential house Buchach
House of Dr. Reifeisen Residential house Bolechow
House of Jacob Blumenthal Residential house Bolechow
House of Salomon Maramorosch Residential house Kolomea
House on the market square Residential house Kolomea
Jewish Gymnasium for boys Other Kolomea
Jewish Gymnasium for girls School Kolomea

The "Central Archive for History of the Jewish People" (CAHJP) index cards

In association with The Central Archives for the History of the Jewish People, Jerusalem (CAHJP), the Association has gathered many archival documents on microfilm. These documents are essential for the research of Galician and Bukovinian Jewry. This section of the website offers a catalogue of the microfilms, as they are catalogued in the archive.

To read more about the Central archives for the History of the Jewish People click here

 

Search Cards

You can search the index database by name of community or date.

Newer articles are displayed first; you may sort by the title, as well.

Cemeteries

In many places in Galicia and Bukovina, the Jewish cemeteries are the only material remnants of the Jewish community. Some of the cemeteries and tombstones date back to the 16th century.

Cemeteries and burial ceremonies had an important place in the religious life and cultural experience of the Jews of Eastern Europe, and great effort was therefore expended on commemorating the departed through the unique language of tombstone art. Many of these tombstones have significant artistic value, and give us a unique window into the inner life of many generations of Jews, their beliefs and the opinions and the world views of the surrounding cultures.

See below the list of cemeteries we have documented

Search Cemeteries

Newer articles are displayed first; you may sort by the title, as well.


No results found.


Your seach was too narrow, you may try to use less filters.

Become a guardian of Jewish History

Now you can take an active role in assuring that Jewish history is remembered.

We need your help to enhance our ongoing activities and continue perserving Jewish history.

We welcome your tax-deductible financial contributions as well as your input and participation in our activities.

Donations can be accepted in the memory of a family member or a community.

 

Address for  Sending Donations:

Jewish Galicia and Bukovina
p.o.b 24283
Mount Scopus
Jerusalem
91242
Israel

Fax: 972-2-5881795

 

Donate Online:

Enter to see the various spelling of communities in Galicia and Bukovina

The spelling of geographical names presents a special problem in this region, which over the long course of its history was incorporated into several different political entities. While we provide place names in all relevant languages in sub-headings, only one version of each name is used as the title of commuinties and for search options. We have decided to adhere to the geo-political principle and used the English transcription of the officel language in each place according to today's borders. For example: a city in Ukriane today will be written in the English transcreption of its Ukrianian name. Same goes for places in Poland and Romania.

Here are some key rules that will help you find write the place your looking for correctly:

The abbreviations of the region names: I – Ivano-Frankivsk, L – Lviv, T – Ternopil.

 

About our transcription of Polish towns names.

Transcriptions of the Polish vowels are: j as i, y as y, ó as u, ą as on, ę as en; vowels combinations ja, je, jó transcribed as ya, ye, yu.

Transcriptions of the Polish consonants are: w as v; ł (pronounced as English w) as l; ń (pronounced as soft n) as n’; ż or ź as zh, ś as shch; consonant combinations ch, cz, rz, sz transcribed as kh, ch, zh, sh.

In the attached file you can find many places from Eastern Galicia in all English, Ukrainian, Polish, Hebrew and Yiddish names.

 

 

 

 

 

Attached files: