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Stanisławów jews before and during the holocaust

stanisławów census 1939

Jewish community on the eve of the Holocaust

Full data on Stanisławów residents according to the last Polish census of August 1939.

 

For more details >>

 

with the jews of stanisławów in the Holocaust

Avraham Liebesman

A chronicle of the murder of the Jews of Stanisławów from the first day of the Nazi occupation till the final destruction of the Jewish Ghetto in 1943

To the book >>

 

Field School 2017 to Buczacz

Buczacz

Community: 

During the past summer, we returned to Galicia, to the Tarnopol region. The eighth annual delegation of the Jewish Galicia and Bukovina Organization began the work of documenting the ancient Jewish cemetery in Buczacz, S.Y. Agnon’s home town. This cemetery holds a special place in those of Agnon’s works devoted to his home town. It symbolizes the continuity of generations in the city and is an important component in the special Jewish space in which the plots of his many stories take place.

The current state of the cemetery is pitiful. The hilltop on which the Jewish residents of Buczaz buried their dead for hundreds of years, which rises above the city of Buczaz, is entirely covered by plants, thorns and impenetrable thickets. The entire space of the cemetery is filthy and neglected, and it is difficult to access the graves.

In addition, the cemetery suffered extensive damage during the 20th century as a result of battles that took place in its vicinity during the First World War, and as a result of intentional desecration during the Holocaust. During the Soviet rule hundreds of headstones that had survived earlier destruction were taken from the cemetery and used as building materials. Despite all this, the Jewish cemetery of Buczaz is still one of the most important Jewish historical sites in Eastern Galicia.

In preparation for the arrival of the delegation extensive clearing and ground prep were undertaken. The group of 14 volunteers – students of the Herzog College and universities and graduates of hesder yeshivot – worked in Buczaz for two weeks, from July 30th through August 13th. Dr. Boris Heimovitz, an expert on Jewish art, and Dr. Ilia Luria, a scholar of Eastern Europe from the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, led the delegation. About 1,000 gravestones were discovered, cleaned, documented and photographs during the two weeks of work. At times, the gravestones needed to be turned over or dug under in order to reach the writing on them.

The delegation produced important findings: a few gravestones from the end of the 16th century and the first half of the 17th – i.e. the period before the 1648 Khmelnytsky massacre – were revealed. Such findings are quite rare in Eastern Europe and are a testimony to the longevity and strength of the Jewish community of Buczaz. Most of the gravestones documented were from the 18th and early 19th centuries.

The delegation managed to document about half of the graves from the Buczaz graveyard. In addition, a precise mapping out of all of the documented gravestones was made. We plan to return to Buczaz next year and complete the documentation work.

The complete findings of the delegation will be deciphered, processed and made available on the Jewish Galicia and Bukovina Association’s website in the near future.  

Jewish industrial elites in Drohobych and Boryslav, 1860-1900

Community: 
Attached files: 

Synagogue in Solotvin

Community: 
Building type: 
Synagogue
Denomination: 
Ashkenazi
Address: 
Solotvin, near the central square, 1, Kotliarevskogo St.
Date built: 
1910
Direction Axis: 
East <~> West
Torah ark: 
Women's section: 
First floor above the vestibule
Material: 
Brick
Architect: 
unknown
Architectural Style: 
History: 

The preserved synagogue in Solotvin was apparently built in the late 19th century. Today it is used as a storage.

A protruding on the eastern façade indicated the interior placement of the Torah ark. The division of windows into an eastern prayer hall and western vestibule with women's section above it is preserved. The original interior is completely lost.

On June 14, 1903, a service for the victims of the Kishinev pogrom was held in the town's synagogue. It was accompanied by a choir of the students from the Baron Hirsch school. The school's director, Händler, gave a speech, comparing the recent pogrom with the Khmelnitsky massacre of the seventeenth century (Die Welt, no. 26, 26 June 1903, p. 9).

Condition: 

exists, used as storage

Researched by: 
Vladimir Levin
Reseach date: 
2009

First Synagogue in Halich

Community: 
Building type: 
Synagogue
Denomination: 
Ashkenazi
Material: 
Brick
Architectural Style: 
Condition: 

preserved, used as office space

Researched by: 
Vladimir Levin
Reseach date: 
2009

Second Synagogue in Halich

Community: 
Building type: 
Synagogue
Denomination: 
Ashkenazi
Material: 
Brick
Architectural Style: 
Condition: 

preserved, used as office space

Researched by: 
Vladimir Levin
Reseach date: 
2009

Wooden Synagogue in Solotvin

Community: 
Building type: 
Synagogue
Denomination: 
Ashkenazi
Material: 
Wood
Architect: 
unknown
Architectural Style: 
History: 

It was burned down during the World War II (interview IF_Sol_09_19).

Condition: 

Does not exist.

Researched by: 
Alex Valdman
Reseach date: 
2010

First Synagogue in Bolshovtsy

Community: 
Building type: 
Synagogue
Denomination: 
Ashkenazi
Material: 
Brick
Architectural Style: 
Condition: 

Was rebuilt as a culture house (interview IF_Bilshivtsy_09_Boris).

Researched by: 
Vladimir Levin

Second Synagogue in Bolshovtsy

Building type: 
Synagogue
Denomination: 
Ashkenazi
Material: 
Brick
Architectural Style: 
Condition: 

Was demolished during after the World War II (interview IF_Bilshivtsy_09_Boris).

Researched by: 
Vladimir Levin

Kolomyia, Gmina

Community: 
Building type: 
Other
Address: 
Spitalna (now: Shukhevycha) 78
Architectural drawings date: 
Tuesday, April 2, 2013
Description: 

House of the Community administrative council (Gmina), Spitalna (now: Shukhevycha) 78

Documentation date: 
Tuesday, April 2, 2013
Reseach date: 
2013

Kolomyia, Jewish Hospital

Community: 
Building type: 
Other
Description: 

Building of the Jewish hospital founded in 1854

Documentation date: 
Tuesday, April 2, 2013
Reseach date: 
2012

Hospital and community nursing home

Community: 
Building type: 
Other
Address: 
Spitalna (now: Shukchevycha)74 and 76.
Description: 

 Buildings of the Jewish hospital founded in 1854 (on the right) and the "Moshav Zkenim",community nursing home, built in 1913 (on the left), Spitalna (now: Shukchevycha)74 and 76.

Documentation date: 
Tuesday, April 2, 2013
Reseach date: 
2012

Moshav Zkenim

Community: 
Building type: 
Other
Description: 

 Ornamental floor in the "Moshav Zkenim" (community nursing home), 1913.

Reseach date: 
2012

Jewish Gymnasium for boys

Community: 
Building type: 
Other
Address: 
Valova 47
Description: 

Building of the Jewish Gymnasium for boys in the interwar period.

Documentation date: 
Tuesday, April 2, 2013
Reseach date: 
2012

Kosow kloyz

Community: 
Building type: 
Synagogue
Denomination: 
Hasidic
Address: 
Valova 36
Description: 

 Kosow hassidic synagogue (kloyz) (view from Shuchevich str.)

The "Kosov Shiel" modernist-style synagogue was built at the beginning of the 20th century, adjoining a complex of residential buildings belonging to the Rebbe of Kosov. Since its refurbishment during the Soviet era, the entire complex
is used for residential purposes. Two of the prayer hall’s walls are adorned with a flat frame with a strip of arches on top. This decoration also embellishes the gable at the top of the protrusion for the Holy Ark on the eastern wall.
(M. Wunder, Grander and Glory. Remnants of Jewish Art in Galicia. Jerusalem, 2005)
Documentation date: 
Tuesday, April 2, 2013
Reseach date: 
2012

Polish Gymnasium

Community: 
Building type: 
School
Address: 
Mickiéwicz 3
Date built: 
1875
Description: 

 Building of the Polish Gymnasium . In 1900 a wing for the new established Ukrainian Gymnasium was added to the existing structure. Among the Polish Gymnasium graduates were many children from acculturated Jewish families of Kolomyia. 

Documentation date: 
Thursday, April 4, 2013
Reseach date: 
2012

Printing house

Community: 
Building type: 
Other
Address: 
Grushnevskogo (former Sobieskiego) 3
Description: 

The Bravner family Printing house

Documentation date: 
Thursday, April 4, 2013
Reseach date: 
2013

Magistrate of Kolomyia

Community: 
Building type: 
Back office
Description: 

 Magistrate building on the Rynek square . The Jews of Kolomyia took an active part in the social and political life of the city. At the municipal elections of 1873 14 Jewish candidates were elected to the Magistrate council and after the elections of 1878 Jews became a majority of the Council members. In the period between 1878 to 1895 the mayor of the city was a local Jewish lawyer named Maximilian Trachtenberg.

Documentation date: 
Thursday, April 4, 2013
Reseach date: 
2012

Market square

Community: 
Building type: 
Other
Address: 
Vidrodzhenya 1-2
Description: 

 Buildings on the Rynek  (the market) square (now: Vidrodzhenya 1-2), which housed in the beginning of the 20th century A Grand Hotel owned by Rivka and Hone Bahr (1913) and later by Blitz  Sender. A big clothing and drapery store owned by Isidor Horn was situated in the corner building (Vidrodzhennia,1) at the beginning of the 20th century.  In the other building (Vidrodzhennia,2)   were offices of the first Galician weaving mill "Shimshon Heller and sons", fashion store of Y. Nadler and K. Ramler ( ground floor) and tailor workshop of H. Kesten and Y. Aizner.  

Documentation date: 
Thursday, April 4, 2013
Reseach date: 
2012

Stores and appartment buildings on the market square

Community: 
Building type: 
Residential house
Address: 
Vidrodzhennia 4-6
Description: 

     

Stores and appartment buildings on the Rynek (the market) square.  The building on the right (Vidrodzhennia 6), housed a Jewish public library named after Yitzhok Leibush Peretz, and the office of brewery  owner Brettler. To the left of it in the 1930's there was a pottery shop of Avner brothers (Vidrodzhennia  4) and nearby (Vidrodzhennia 5) was the office of the lawyer Y. Ashkenazi.

Documentation date: 
Friday, April 5, 2013
Reseach date: 
2012

House on the market square

Community: 
Building type: 
Residential house
Address: 
Vidrodzhennia (former Pilsudskiego) 7
Description: 

A rich apartment house on the Rynek  (the market) square.  

Documentation date: 
Friday, April 5, 2013
Reseach date: 
2012

Store buildings on the the market square.

Community: 
Building type: 
Other
Address: 
Vidrodzhennia 9, 10, 11
Description: 

Store buildings on the Rynek (the market) square. № 9 was in the 1910's a men clothing store owned by Leon Rosenhek.In the 1920's offices of a tradesman named Yehuda Firstein, a mill owner Yaakov  Baydaff, and a jewelry store of Y.  Feierstein. №11 had a Drapery store of Rein Gersh, a haberdashery of Samson Bank and a shoes and haberdashery warehouse of Solomom Garlich.

 

Documentation date: 
Saturday, April 6, 2013
Reseach date: 
2012

Store on the Rynek square

Community: 
Building type: 
Other
Address: 
Vidrodzhennia 15
Description: 

 Store building on the Rynek square. In the 1920's it had a jewelry store of M. Zukerman.

Documentation date: 
Saturday, April 6, 2013
Reseach date: 
2012

Stephan Stensel drugstore

Community: 
Building type: 
Other
Address: 
Shevchenko №26
Description: 

Building of the famous drugstore of Dr. Stephan Stensel. In the 1910's  there was a cloths store of Berti Markus, a warehouse of music instruments of  R. Blecher, a haberdashery of Erzy Helving and confectionery shop of Leizer Baumvogel ( in the 1920's-1930's).

Documentation date: 
Saturday, April 6, 2013
Reseach date: 
2012

Gunsberg's publishing house

Community: 
Building type: 
Other
Address: 
Shevchenko 26
Description: 

 Store house on the Rynek square. In the beginning of the 20th century it had one of the most known publishing houses of Kolomyia owned by Isidor Gunsberg and later by Berty Gunsberg.

Documentation date: 
Saturday, April 6, 2013
Reseach date: 
2012