Notable people

Galicia and Bukovina were the origin of a Jewish heritage that stands out for several unique features. Located at the intersection of areas of Polish, German, Ukrainian, Romanian and Russian cultural influence, these regions saw the emergence of a particularly creative and dynamic Jewish culture. They provided the backdrop for major advances in rabbinic literature and modern Jewish thought, and were the site of some of the most vibrant and influential Hassidic courts. They were also the site of origin of several notable modern Jewish writers, the most famous of them being Shmuel Yosef Agnon (in Hebrew), Itzik Manger (in Yidish), Joseph Roth and Paul Celan (in German) and Bruno Schulz (in Polish). Additional individuals of note are Jews of Galician and Bukovinian origin who made notable contributions to several of the arts, scholars, statesmen and scientists.


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Name Occupation or position Community

Salo Wittmayer Baron

Salo Wittmayer Baron was an American historian of Polish-Austrian Jewish ancestry and the most noted historian of the Jews of his generation. Baron...
Historian Tarnow

Shmuel Yosef Agnon

Shmuel Yosef Agnon (Hebrew: שמואל יוסף עגנון‎)  was a Nobel Prize laureate writer and was one of the central figures of modern Hebrew...
Author Buchach

Sir Hersch Lauterpacht

Sir Hersch Lauterpacht was born in Zhovkva, Austria-Hungary. He was a member of the United Nations' International Law Commission from 1952 to...

Stanisław Marcin Ulam

Stanisław Marcin Ulam was a renowned Jewish-Polish-American mathematician. He participated in America's Manhattan Project, originated the Teller...
Mathematician Lviv

Szymon Askenazy

Szymon Ashkenazy was born in Zawichost. He was a Polish historian, educator, statesman and diplomat, founder of the Askenazy school. ...

Wilhelm Reich

Wilhelm Reich (24 March 1897 – 3 November 1957) was an Austrian psychoanalyst, a member of the second generation of...

Yitzhak Artzi

Artzi was born Izo Hertzig in Siret, Romania into a Hassidic family. He was educated at high schools in his hometown and Chernivtsi, before attending...
Zionist activist Siret

Yitzhak Ben-Aharon

Ben-Aharon was born in the Bukovina region of the Austro-Hungarian Empire (today Romania). He became a leader in Hashomer Hatzair in Romania,...
Zionist activist