Podhaitsy

Name in English: 
  • Podhaitsy
Names in Ukrainian: 
  • Pidhaitsy (Підгайці)
Names in Polish: 
Podhajce
Names in Russian: 
Podgaitsy (Подгайцы)
Names in Hebrew: 
פודהייצה (Podhaitze)
Names in Yiddish: 
Podhaitze
Administrative History: 

 

Years State Province District
Till 1772 Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: Kingdom of Poland Rus Voivodship (Województwo ruskie)  
1772-1867 Hapsburg Empire, since 1804 - Austrian Empire Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria (Königreich Galizien und Lodomerien)  
1867-1914 Austro-Hungarian Monarchy

Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria (Königreich Galizien und Lodomerien)

 Bezirk Podhajce
1914-1915 Under Russian occupation General-Government Galitsiia  
1915-1918 Austro-Hungarian Monarchy Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria (Königreich Galizien und Lodomerien)  
1918 - May 1919 West-Ukrainian People's Republic    
May 1919 - September 1939 Republic of Poland Tarnopol wojewódstwo  Podhajce powiat
 
September 1939 - June 1941 USSR: Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic Tarnopol oblast'  
June 1941 - July 1944 Under German occupation:  

General Government (Das Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete)

Distrikt Galizien  
1944-91 USSR: Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic Tarnopol oblast'  Pidhaietskyi raion
Since 1991 Republic of Ukraine Tarnopol oblast'  Pidhaietskyi raion

 

Population Data: 
Year Total Jews Percentage of Jews
1765  ?  1,079 -
1870  4,570  ? -
1880  5,943  4,012  67.5%
1890  5,646  3,879  68.7%
1900  5,790  3,557  61.4%
1910  5,576  3,497  62.7%
1921  4,814  2,872  59.6%
1931  ?  3,129  
2001  3,300    
Remarks: 

 

Podhajce is a town in Ternopil Oblast, on the Koropets River, a tributary of the Dnester. It is situated ca. 105 km. south-east of Lviv, ca. 45 km. south-west of Ternopol and ca. 50 km. north-east of Ivano-Frankivsk.

A Catholic Church was founded in Podhajce in 1463. In 1539 it was granted a Magdeburg law city charter. During the second half of the sixteenth century the city was put under siege by a Tatar-Cossack army (in 1667) and conquered by the Turks (1675). In 1698 the Polish army gained near Podhajce a decisive victory over the Tatars.

The earliest evidences (namely tombstones in the local Jewish cemetery) on Jewish settlement in Podhajce date from the first half of the fifteenth century.

(Slownik, vol. 8, pp. 384-388; Pinkas Hakehilot - Polin, vol. 2, pp. 410-411).